Infertility, the inability to conceive and bear a child is one of the common problems with which patients refer to specialists. It is important to remember that the diagnosis of "infertility" does not mean that the couple will never be able to become parents. Modern medicine allows accurate diagnosis to determine the cause of infertility, and offers effective methods of treating the problem. Both the woman and the man bear the same responsibility for successfully conceiving and giving birth to a healthy child, which is why both partners undergo a complex medical examination. If infertility was found to be due to disorders of the female reproductive system, then a treatment plan for women is prescribed.
Causes of female infertility
Congenital or acquired pathology of female reproductive organs: absence or underdevelopment of the ovaries, obstruction of the uterus (which becomes a common cause of secondary infertility in women after abortion), developmental defects or absence of the uterus.
Endocrine infertility occurs in women as a result of dysfunction of the ovaries, adrenal glands, pituitary gland or thyroid gland. The necessary hormones are not produced in the required amount and at the right time, which leads to dysfunction during egg maturation. This type of infertility is most often temporary and disappears after normalizing the hormonal background.
The pathologies of the immune system, which can also be causes of infertility in women, may manifest in the formation of antibodies to the sperm or to the cells of the embryo by the female body.
The deviations in the construction of the chromosomes can lead to the fact that the fertilized eggs will not be viable, the pregnancy being impossible, because a dead egg will be destroyed and removed from the uterine cavity during menstruation.
In order to diagnose infertility, in addition to collecting anamnesis and a gynecological visual examination, a series of tests and examinations are required:
Testing for sexually transmitted infections should be done by both partners.
Blood tests for hormones. These analyzes confirm the endocrine character of infertility. Blood for the analysis of different hormones is taken in different phases of the cycle: the analysis for FSH, LH, prolactin, TTG, T3, T4 is taken on the 2nd-5th day of the cycle, and for progesterone - on the 18th-22nd day.
X-ray examination and ultrasonography of the pelvic organs. Contrast X-ray makes it possible to determine whether infertility is caused by deformity or pathology of the uterus, the fallopian tubes, if there are no adhesions and neoplasms. Ultrasound is also widely used to specify the condition of the fallopian tubes.
At the American Medical Center, each patient benefits from an individual infertility treatment plan. Experienced gynecologists, endocrinologists-gynecologists, gynecologists-oncologists of the clinic will do their best to make the long-awaited pregnancy possible.